Rare Early Audubon Drawings Published for First Time


Northern Shoveler by John James Audubon/Courtesy Harvard University Press

John James Audubon has been described as America’s most famous artist/naturalist. His drawings for “The Birds of America,” published in the late 1830s, hang in the best museums. Plates from the earliest edition, original hand-colored prints, are sold on the Internet for $100,000 or more apiece.

A little-known, seldom-seen collection of Audubon’s earlier drawings of birds is in the Harvard University’s Houghton Library and Museum of Comparative Zoology. Now they are being made available for wider public appreciation.

“Like a rare bird only infrequently sighted, the drawings … have never been seen by the general public,” the university says in a news release announcing its new book, “Audubon: Early Drawings” (Harvard University Press; September 30, 2008; $125).


Passenger Pigeon by John James Audubon/Courtesy Harvard University Press

Known as the Harris Collection, after the friend and patron to whom Audubon gave or sold many of the early works, the more than 100 drawings reproduced in the book are accompanied by an essay by Audubon’s biographer, Richard Rhodes, an essay on Audubon’s science by Scott V. Edwards, curator of ornithology at Harvard’s Museum of Natural History, and an account of the collection’s history by Houghton’s Leslie A. Morris.

I found the essays to be as interesting as the drawings themselves, providing valuable background and context not only about the art but about Audubon himself.

But it is the drawings that will attract most people to the new book, both Audubon aficionados and those who know little about him. They provide a glimpse into his early career, when he drew mainly from fresh-killed specimens arranged and pinned with sharpened wires on wooden boards.


Ivory-billed Woodpecker by John James Audubon/Courtesy Harvard University Press

“During the decade when most of these drawings were composed he was a young Frenchman new to America and still teaching himself to draw, still exploring how to make the birds fly off the page,” says Rhodes in his essay in the front of the book.

Audubon Early Drawings Book Cover.png

“Encountering these drawings is a treasured experience,” says Scott Edwards.

“As in the study of evolution itself, the fascination comes in the comparison of these early works with what came later, and in the detection of the inklings of majesty in these modest, earnest efforts.”

Audubon: Early Drawings book cover


Edwards is also a member of the National Geographic Society’s Committee for Research and Exploration. It was from him that I learned about this book and he gave me an interview on video about it, reproduced below.


Carolina Parakeet by John James Audubon/Courtesy Harvard University Press

I asked Edwards via email what images of the book I should highlight on my blog. “You might highlight the three extinct species: Carolina Parakeet, Passenger Pigeon, Ivory-billed Woodpecker. You might mention that all drawings are life size (in life, not as published). You could mention that the Catbird is perched on a mullen introduced from Europe in the late 17th century. In general the drawings are a nice snapshot of bird and plant life in the middle Mississippi region (Ohio, Kentucky) in the early 19th century,” he wrote back.

Enjoy seeing all the images called out by Scott Edwards on this blog entry – and watching the video below:

 Video by David Braun/National Geographic News


Gray Catbird by John James Audubon/Courtesy Harvard University Press

Additional Information:

Audubon’s Species: Bird Art, in All Its Glory  (New York Times)

Changing Planet

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More than forty years in U.S., UK, and South African media gives David Max Braun global perspective and experience across multiple storytelling platforms. His coverage of science, nature, politics, and technology has been published/broadcast by the BBC, CNN, NPR, AP, UPI, National Geographic, TechWeb, De Telegraaf, Travel World, and Argus South African Newspapers. He has published two books and won several journalism awards. In his 22-year career at National Geographic he was VP and editor in chief of National Geographic Digital Media, and the founding editor of the National Geographic Society blog, hosting a global discussion on issues resonating with the Society's mission and initiatives. He also directed the Society side of the Fulbright-National Geographic Digital Storytelling Fellowship, awarded to Americans seeking the opportunity to spend nine months abroad, engaging local communities and sharing stories from the field with a global audience. A regular expert on National Geographic Expeditions, David also lectures on storytelling for impact. He has 120,000 followers on social media: Facebook  Twitter  LinkedIn