New pictures of boneworms

By James G. Robertson

The Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute has new pictures of the worms we wrote about in September, and the number of species identified by scientists has increased from nine to as many as 17.

The researchers have also published some insight into how the worms get food from the bones of dead animals, and how the worms reproduce.  But how they find their food is still a mystery, and will be an area of future research.


Photo: Female bone worm. Image credit: © 2008 Greg Rouse

The worms grow complex root systems into the bones they find on the seafloor, and bacteria within the roots digest proteins and lipids to feed the worms.  The feathery “palps” that wave around in the water are used to get oxygen.  Although we previously reported they only eat whale bones, the researchers have found the worms will also feed from cow bones.

Even more bizarre than their choice of food is the worms’ life cycle.  Each worm starts as a microscopic larva, and develops once it finds a bone to land on.  The larvae that colonize the bones all develop into females, while some of the microscopic larvae that don’t land never grow and develop into males.  The microscopic males land on the females’ “palps,” make their way to the females’ body tube, and fertilize thousands of eggs, which starts the process over again.


Photo: A microscopic female boneworm.  Image credit: © 2009 Greg Rouse

You can watch a video of the bone worms in the wild, narrated by Robert Vrijenhoek, one of the researchers, below:

All images and video courtesy of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute.



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More than forty years in U.S., UK, and South African media gives David Max Braun global perspective and experience across multiple storytelling platforms. His coverage of science, nature, politics, and technology has been published/broadcast by the BBC, CNN, NPR, AP, UPI, National Geographic, TechWeb, De Telegraaf, Travel World, and Argus South African Newspapers. He has published two books and won several journalism awards. In his 22-year career at National Geographic he was VP and editor in chief of National Geographic Digital Media, and the founding editor of the National Geographic Society blog, hosting a global discussion on issues resonating with the Society's mission and initiatives. He also directed the Society side of the Fulbright-National Geographic Digital Storytelling Fellowship, awarded to Americans seeking the opportunity to spend nine months abroad, engaging local communities and sharing stories from the field with a global audience. A regular expert on National Geographic Expeditions, David also lectures on storytelling for impact. He has 120,000 followers on social media: Facebook  Twitter  LinkedIn