Keeping our library of cartography fresh, accurate, and current is a priority for us at National Geographic. And our maps for educators and students are no exception. The downloadable black-and-white 1-page maps of continents, countries, and states have been a staple of the National Geographic website for over ten years. Formerly known as Xpeditions maps, this cartographic series has been popular with educators who use them for geography learning activities across a range of subjects, ages, and grades. In early 2011, we launched a new website for educators at NatGeoEd.org including a new tool for customizing these maps, now called MapMaker 1-Page Maps. But as soon as the new site launched, it was already time for a cartographic update! Geography changes around the world everyday—and particularly the boundaries and place-names found on political maps. Here are the top five changes to look for in the MapMaker 1-Page online map library.
1. South Sudan
In a January 2011 referendum, the people of the autonomous region of Southern Sudan voted for their independence from Sudan, creating the Republic of South Sudan on July 9, 2011—the world’s 195th country. On July 14, 2011 South Sudan joined the United Nations as a member state. Sudan had long been the largest country in Africa, but with the change the resulting area is now surpassed in size by Algeria. Along with the addition of the new South Sudan map, changes were also made to the maps of all bordering countries along with the continental and world maps that included South Sudan in their area of overage. The updated maps include neighboring Chad, Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia, Central African Republic, and Democratic Republic of the Congo as well as the Africa, Asia, and World maps.
In addition to political features, maps in the MapMaker 1-Page online library also include some updates to important physical features and points of interest. In 2010, the glacially covered volcano Eyjafjallajökull erupted for nearly two months, with the resulting ash clouds disrupting air travel across Europe. The stratovolcano is still active and is now represented with a volcano symbol on the 1-page map of Iceland along with some of the island’s other volcanic peaks.
In mid-2010 a large archipelago in the Canadian province of British Columbia was renamed Haida Gwaii from its former name, Queen Charlotte Islands. The change was part of an agreement between the government of British Columbia and the Haida Nation—a group indigenous to the Pacific Northwest region of North America.
Formerly part of the Caribbean island group known as the Netherlands Antilles (Bonaire, Curaçao, Sint Eustatius, Saba, and Sint Maarten), this autonomous country within the European country of the Netherlands was politically dissolved on October 10, 2010. Curaçao and Sint Maarten became separate constituent countries within the Netherlands while Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba became special municipalities of the Netherlands. When this type of administrative change happens, cartographers and editors at National Geographic take special care to make sure the fonts used to label such features on our maps reflect their political status: countries being designated by one type style, while territories and other political units are defined by others.
The surface elevation of lakes and inland seas change over time due to shifting physical and environmental conditions, improved measuring techniques and tools, and the continued efforts of national surveying agencies. An updated measurement of the surface elevation of the hyper saline lake known as the Dead Sea required a change in the measurement of Earth’s lowest surface point, from -1,381 ft (-421 m) to -1,385 ft (-422 m).
Project Manager, Educational Mapping
National Geographic Education