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Trying to restore National Parks in the Democratic Republic of Congo

The Upemba and Kundelungu National Parks in Democratic Republic of Congo were once teeming with wildlife. 12,000 square miles of magnificent wilderness have been impoverished of wildlife in decades of civil war and lawlessness. An international group of experts gathered in April 2012 to begin  work towards restoration. Here at the (not so) Grand Hotel...

The Upemba and Kundelungu National Parks in Democratic Republic of Congo were once teeming with wildlife. 12,000 square miles of magnificent wilderness have been impoverished of wildlife in decades of civil war and lawlessness. An international group of experts gathered in April 2012 to begin  work towards restoration.

Here at the (not so) Grand Hotel de Lubumbashi in the second largest city in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Internet link is very slow, not to mention that the power is on and off and that water in the sink isn’t guaranteed. The years of war led to maintenance decay which is everywhere. One sees what remains of  the “glory that was Lubumbashi” when this city was at its heyday.   While the people have not been able to effectively take over the maintenance and infrastructure roles we have high hopes that they will see the value in saving the Upemba and Kunedlungu National Parks and look to restoration of the once grand numbers of charismatic animals, large and small.
While our international group has one emphasis on animals, we realize that we are helpless without the goodwill of the people in the field who must in turn be supported by the government and the ICCN, (Institute pour Conservation de Congo de la Nature) that governmental agency that heads the several National Parks. Even in this early phase of interaction it is reported from diverse reliable sources  that there are significant corruption problems at the ICCN.
 I continue to be dazzled however by the stunning skill sets brought to bear by  the Frankfort Zoological Staff and the local people at all levels. Here is Claudel, the public relations staff member with Vincent from Nairobi, the Frankfort Zoological pilot assigned to this project with its Cessna 206
The meetings were  co-chaired by Jean Pierre D’huart from Belgium and ConraAbling from England who did an extraordinarily  fine job. The 30 participants  were all Congolese with the Frankfort Zoological staff, myself and Bob Ford as the only non-locals. The meeting was convened by a representative of President Kabila who came in from Kinshasa.

Here is my new friend Atamato, head ranger from Upemba National Park. What a guy,  self educated “un homme exceptionel” who rose through the ranks against all odds.
I am simply stunned at how capable and committed the participants are! The meetings continued for days and each person paid rapt attention to every word, took careful notes, followed the agenda and handouts, no one nodded off after lunch. The questions posed to the leaders, the comments contributed to the discussions (all if French of course) illustrated that something quite remarkable was happening there.

The meetings are robust in attendance and participants are giving their all to the prospect of restoring these grand National Parks, Kundelungu not so far from Lubumbashi to the north east  and Upemba to the north, about a 2 day drive. The parks continue however to be troubled at many levels, poaching, illegal mining, fishing, hunting and agricultural development and the Mai-Mai (who just yesterday were engaged in a shoot out that left 20 dead) This tragedy occurred 45k from the Upemba Headquarters, thus we have taken it off of our site visit list. Atamato, the head ranger of Upemba is with us so we are getting inside news of this situation denied to most.               (sorry Brian, I couldn’t see how to  correct this underlined and colored  typo)

In attendance here are top level from the capital in Kinshasa near the mouth of the Congo, about 2.5 hours flying to the west. The size and distances are stunning, just one of the 5 World Heritage Sites/Parks is as big as France.The management problems are immense. Imagine trying to restore all of America’s parks after l0 years of war left most of them in a shambles, staff killed or ran away, facilities burned etc.  If courage and determination have anything to do with what they will accomplish, the odds are in their favor.

Above: In the Frankfort Zoological Society humble headquarters office, my Hero,  Project Manager Bryna Griffin (you go girl!) confronts another problem which she will address with calm and wisdom, courage and determination.This young woman from the US is a dedicated powerhouse of the first water.

Above: street scenes in city center Lubumbash

The 2 days of plenary meetings and two more of practical application meetings have drawn to a close and shift into another phase. There is much, very much to do, including interaction with the local university. It is all quite complicated and expensive to accomplish.


This photo was taken during a South African conservation program  of  Conservation International’s Russell Mittermeier, the head of theWilderness Foundation Vance Martin and my fellow African Game Ranger Paul Dutton. The image calls to mind the power and effectiveness of Bateleurs, “Volunteer Pilots Flying for Conservation in Africa” whom we are trying to engage in the Congo.

I hope readers will share this information as widely as possible to help me as I try to recruit pilots in southern Africa to lend their skills to the conservation movement here that needs them so badly.



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Meet the Author

Michael McBride
He has more than 40 years experience as a wilderness guide, interpretive naturalist and bush pilot flying the wilds of Alaska. He's a Master Guide, licensed Coast Guard Captain with strong expertise in marine biology. He is an elected member of the Explorer's Club and Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society and is a Nationally Certified Yoga Teacher. He was the first Alaskan to serve on the Smithsonian National Board, a Trustee for The Nature Conservancy and Wilderness Foundation board member. He was awarded a Legislative Citation for Practical Activism. He was an Advisory Board member and pilot for Lighthawk, "Volunteer Pilots Flying for Conservation in America” and a founding patron of Bateleurs, “Volunteer Pilots Flying for Conservation in Africa” and is an elected member of the Africa Game Rangers Association. His Kachemak Bay Wilderness Lodge won a score of international awards and is listed in the NY Times Best Seller "1000 Places To See Before You Die" . Web site: His new book The Last Wilderness-Alaska's Wild Coast is available at Fulcrum Publishing, Golden Colorado