Wildlife

Tiger Tourism: Can Travel Help Save These Big Cats?

Tigers are one of the most charismatic and beautiful animals on earth. They are the world’s largest cat and can live across a wide range of habitats, from mountains to coastal wetlands. Most of the world’s tigers live in India within the borders of a number of national parks and tiger reserves; but their numbers are decreasing rapidly. Tiger tourism has become a hot button issue in India, with the country’s recent Supreme Court decision to end a moratorium on tourism in these reserves.

Many wildlife conservationists and respected ecotourism operators advocate that tourism can help save this iconic predator, Panthera tigris. They argue that the presence of tourists helps keep away poachers from important habitat. Furthermore, some proactive tour operators, such as Wildland Adventures, put portions of their profits toward conservation and social programs in the countries to which they travel.

Tiger
Photo Courtesy of Keith Roper

Sanjay Gubbi, tiger program coordinator for the well-respected conservation organization Panthera, has said that, “India’s wildlife tourism industry benefits communities by stimulating local economies and providing employment.” Many also believe that tiger tourism helps inspire travelers to support conservation efforts and create personal connections between tourists and wildlife; however, there is still much more to do to encourage visitors to deepen their relationship with these animals.

Ajay Dubey, a conservationist who works with Prayatna, believes tiger tourism as currently practiced in India is a threat to the big cats. Panthera’s Gubbi notes that many tourism operations adhere to “unethical safari practices.” In some preserves, lodges have been built in key tiger habitat, and the cats are further stressed by large numbers of Jeeps overcrowding them.

Siberian Tiger
Photo Courtesy of Roman Stanek

Dubey recently took the Indian government to court to spur improvements in how tiger tourism is managed in the country. This lawsuit has divided many people on both sides of the argument, and whether the final ruling — which reversed the ban on tourism in core sections of India’s 41 preserves — will improve the situation is yet to be seen. The hope is that the grievances that spurred the original ban have led to better managements strategies for these rare habitats.

One point on which both sides of the argument agree is the severity of the situation. Most assessments estimate approximately 3,000 tigers remaining in the wild across Asia, with about 1,700 existing in India. These numbers indicate more than a 50 percent decline over the past decade in tiger populations and are why they are currently listed as endangered by the IUCN’s Red List. The main reason for this decline however, is not tourism but poaching. Tiger skins and body parts can bring thousands of dollars on the black market.

I have spent most of the past decade working on improving how tourism benefits the efforts to protect endangered sea turtles. While these two animals and their conservation methods are very different, many of the same principles apply. For tourism to work, it must be done in a way that minimizes damage to key habitat, prevents unnecessary stress on the animals, and generates concrete benefits to both conservation programs and nearby communities.

Tiger Swimming
Photo Courtesy of Bill Weaver

The recent ruling by the Indian Supreme Court on Prayatna’s lawsuit has the potential to improve how tourism is managed in the country. Unfortunately, people on both sides of the argument were disappointed in the lack of strong regulations to protect tigers in the decision. Julian Matthews of Travel Operators for Tigers stated that, “Sadly there is nothing in these guidelines that gives anyone… a legal ‘road map’ as to how they (the forests) can be restored.” The primary responsibility for ending the construction of infrastructure is now in the hands of the state governments, which have been given six months to develop new tourism and conservation guidelines.

Tour operators have a strong responsibility to advocate not only for regulations that will allow their businesses to grow but also to make compromises that keep the best interests of the tigers in mind. If real changes aren’t made to both improve tourism management and reduce poaching, tourism businesses and local communities will suffer alongside these charismatic animals.

 

– Brad Nahill

Brad Nahill is a wildlife conservationist, writer, activist, and fundraiser. He is the Director & Co-Founder of SEEtheWILD, the world’s first non-profit wildife conservation travel website.  To date, we have generated more than $300,000 for wildlife conservation and local communities and our volunteers have completed more than 1,000 work shifts at sea turtle conservation project. SEEtheWILD is a project of The Ocean Foundation. Follow SEEtheWILD on Facebook or Twitter.

Learn more:

Travelers interested in visiting India’s tiger reserves should seek out tour operators that both minimize impacts on tigers and support conservation efforts.

Learn facts about tigers and tiger conservation tourism at SEEtheWILD.

Travel Operators for Tigers has developed a rating system for operators, lodges, and other tourism businesses.

Read about a recent visit to India’s National Parks to see tigers in WildHope Magazine and check out a tiger conservation photo essay by award-winning photographer Steve Winter.

http://india.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/07/25/a-conversation-with-tiger-activist-ajay-dubey/

http://www.deccanherald.com/content/288721/uproar-tiger-tourism.html

http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012-11-01/flora-fauna/34856504_1_areas-of-tiger-reserves-dudhwa-national-park-buffer-area

http://zeenews.india.com/exclusive/tiger-a-battle-for-survival_5797.html

http://www.toftigers.org/NewsItem/tourism%20ban%20lifted%20%20toft%20comments%20on%20judgement

Voices for Biodiversity (V4B) is an online conservation media magazine that shares the stories of people from around the globe in order to help all species survive and thrive together. The e-zine is a gathering place for those who believe that humanity’s health and well-being depend upon the health and well-being of other species and the ecosystems that support us all. Voices for Biodiversity shares the stories of eco-reporters from around the world, using the ancient human art of storytelling to connect people with each other, other species, and the natural world. The magazine’s goal is to alter human behavior in such a way as to connect the human animal with the global ecosystem in order to stem biodiversity loss and arrest the sixth extinction of species taking place in this time, the Age of the Anthropocene.
  • Author Janette Noelle Dean

    We must all work to save the world’s precious tigers and other wildlife as well. – Janette, author at http://www.indefenseofcats.com

  • Author Janette Noelle Dean

    Cat lovers may also enjoy my new poem: Beloved Cat: Once Mortal Enemy, Now Immortal Friend” that honors cats:
    http://www.indefenseofcats.com/Cat-Book.html#BelovedCatPoem

  • DEB SPANHAKE

    I sure hope so it’s all about saving the tiger and it’s species it is our duty for their survival

  • Kate

    I’m sure that tourists can help conservation in some way but there is still so much to be done at grass roots, so much that needs to be changed. It’s good that issues being debated, but time is running out for tigers and action needs to be taken soon if the species is to survive.
    http://www.burlyandgrum.com

  • Elizabeth Valencia Ramirez

    La vida esta en todos.

  • Dazani

    I’m 10 years old and…well that doesnt matter! I want to helps save these cats, and take the poachers down! this may be a bit harsh, but, this is for poachers: why not you poach someone else, like, you!! Do you know how painful this is to me, seeing, the faces on these creatures. They have feelings too. SPREAD THE WORD!! HELP SAVE THE TIGER! I WOULD RISK MY LIFE TO SAVE ALL ANIMALS AT THE AGE OF 10! Please, i’m not doing this for me, i’m doing it for the aniamls.

  • Charlie hughes

    Devastated to see the most majestic of all animals being took from us all.these people which is to good a word for them these monsters. Need to be stopped. In any and every way possible.

  • Charlie hughes

    I would really like to help this cause in every and any way possible. The real animals are humans. We don’t hunt to survive we hunt for gain absolute disgrace.at It starts with beautiful creatures what will it end at.

  • Charlie hughes

    Not enough done to stop this monstrosity when will it stop when all we’ve got is DVDs to watch and not the real beautiful cats to see. It’s an absolute disgrace.

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