Ice along the shore of Lake Michigan near Saugatuk (February 2013). Photo by Lisa Borre.
As the polar vortex descended on Washington, D.C. on Monday night, my husband and I joined Water Currents editor Brian Clark Howard for a private screening of PROJECT: ICE, a fascinating new documentary about the Great Lakes.
What was conceived as a documentary about ferries and shipping on the Great Lakes became something else. During filming, the film crew realized there was a bigger story about how climate change affects the lives and livelihoods of people living in the region.
“While conducting interviews, everyone kept talking about how the climate was changing,” executive producer Leslie Johnson explained to me. “It was totally unprompted, and we realized that this was an important part of the story.”
The movie is packed with history and information about the role of these vast inland seas in the industrial development of North America. It delves into the history of the railcar ferries at the Straits of Mackinac and documents the importance of ice in the lives of people living around the Great Lakes, including commercial fisherman on Lake Superior, recreational ice fishers, pond hockey players, ice climbers, Native American Ojibwe, and Mackinac Islanders.
View the PROJECT: ICE movie trailer:
For director and producer William Kleinert, the dramatic drop in lake levels was the most surprising discovery. Filming and production took place over a 27-month period, beginning in 2011 and ending in early 2013. This corresponded with Lakes Michigan and Huron falling to record low levels.
“We were shooting last winter on an inland lake near Charlevoix [Michigan]. We were standing on the ice, and the docks were over our heads at three to five feet above the normal ice level,” Kleinert said.
Co-producer Kevin Kusina was born and raised in Charlevoix. “This is the first winter in a long time that we’ve seen ice forming on Lake Michigan in December,” he explained during the Q&A after the screening. The lack of ice in recent years was a “depressing” realization for him while working on the film.
The imagery, insights, and observations about the changes underway are rich in detail and could stand alone as an equally compelling story. It’s almost like having two films rolled into one, but much of the historical background does provide an important backdrop to the modern-day challenges associated with the loss of ice on the Great Lakes.
Experts Henry Pollack, a University of Michigan professor and contributing author to the Nobel Prize-winning IPCC climate change report, and Marie Colton, former director of NOAA’s Great Lakes Environmental Research Lab (GLERL), bring a scientific perspective to the story, describing the ecological impacts of climate change.
While watching the movie, I realized how rapidly our understanding of the science is advancing. In the past two years, scientists have learned a great deal about the interactions among evaporation, ice cover, and water temperature. Evaporation is now being measured year-round on all five of the Great Lakes.
As described in a previous post on the impacts of climate change on the Great Lakes, the dynamics are more complex than what is portrayed in the film, but the basic conclusion is the same. Most evaporation occurs in the fall and early winter when the lake is cooling, so the effect of ice cover “capping off” evaporation is not as important as once believed. Less ice cover does usually result in warmer water temperatures the following summer and higher evaporation rates in the fall.
The movie evoked memories of growing up near Lake Michigan: admiring the mountains of ice that form when frigid waves break along the lake’s eastern shore; skating, ice fishing and even driving a car on the thick ice on Beaver Island’s large, natural harbor; and listening to the loud pops, cracks, and groans in the black ice on the open lake. It was a reminder of how important ice is to the way of life and overall health of the lakes. It was also an alarming portrayal of all that’s at stake with a changing climate.
PROJECT: ICE was selected for a Science on Screen award by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and will be shown along with a science lecture in Ann Arbor later this year. It has been submitted to film festivals, and a limited release is expected by the end of the year.
PROJECT: ICE is a must-see for anyone who loves the Great Lakes or wants to learn more about the impacts of climate change.
Other related posts:
- Where Did the Water Go? Busting 5 Myths About Water Levels on the Great Lakes
- Harmful Algae Blooms Plague Lake Erie Again
- Warming Lakes: Climate Change and Variability Drive Low Water Levels on the Great Lakes
Lisa Borre is a lake conservationist, freelance writer, and avid sailor. With her husband, she co-founded LakeNet, a world lakes network, and co-wrote a sailing guide called “The Black Sea” based on their voyage around the sea in 2010. A native of the Great Lakes region, she served as coordinator of the Lake Champlain Basin Program in the 1990s. She is now an active member of the Global Lake Ecological Observatory Network.