Poaching Crisis in Indonesia’s Leuser Ecosystem

This article is brought to you by the International League of Conservation Photographers (iLCP). Read our other articles on the National Geographic News Watch blog featuring the work of our iLCP Fellow Photographers all around the world.

Text and photo from iLCP Fellow Paul Hilton.

UPDATE FROM THE FIELD: Paul Hilton and FKL Rangers Expose Wildlife Poaching in Sumatra’s Leuser Ecosystem

Last week I went on patrol with Leuser Conservation Forum Rangers and Aceh forestry staff trekking 60 to 70 kilometers into the Soraya district of the Leuser Ecosystem, Sumatra, Indonesia. The team had been in this area only 3 years before and it was teeming with life.




Right now there’s more signs of death than there are life. In the 5 days I helped the FKL rangers, we destroy 12 snares and we even caught up with poachers – quite literally – carrying ropes and cables to set more snares. The ranger worked hard to convince the poachers there are better alternatives to committing these crimes and they report them to local authorities, but without more funding to really revolutionize law enforcement here, the poaching crisis is only going to get worse. 

An illegal snare awaiting its prey.

The lowest point of the assignment was when we suddenly encountered a large clearing in the middle of the dense forest, a two-day walk from the nearest settlement. This large patch of ground, void of any trees, looked like a man-made clearing. But as our eyes adjusted to the light, the surrounding damaged trees and trampled bush gave it away: the struggle of a very large animal had created this clearing. On the far side we found the remains of an adult Sumatran elephant decomposing in a rusty snare – a complete skeleton, except for its missing tusks.


What hit me hardest was seeing the extent of the elephant’s struggle, so clear from the scene of battered vegetation and splintered trees. How long had this elephant thrashed around trying to break free from the tightening rope? When did its panic give way to exhaustion? How long did it take to die? And were other elephants there to see it?



Snare-traps are carefully and intentionally designed for different species. This elephant, one of only about 500 left in the whole of the Leuser Ecosystem, died a slow agonizing death for the sake of the price tag on its tusks. As elephant habitat shrinks with continued illegal encroachment into the nationally protected Leuser Ecosystem, human settlements, palm oil plantations and roads increasingly block the Sumatran elephants’ forest migration routes. Habitat loss, poaching and conflict with humans combine to see more and more elephants displaced, snared, shot and poisoned as they attempt to travel along the migration corridors their herds have been following for generations. The dry season just started in Aceh and that means the peak season for poaching. As river levels drop the poachers can access the forests all too easily. Endangered species like the majestic Sumatran elephant cannot withstand another killing season this year.

Rangers care for an orphaned baby elephant, his parents victims of the poachers.


The International Elephant Project, Wildlife Asia and the NGO HAkA are working together to support the work of these 60 FKL rangers. They have years of experience and dedication that is second-to-none. Yet these small local NGOs with 60 men on the ground are trying to protect the 2.6 million hectares of the Leuser Ecosystem against incredible pressures. This ecosystem is the smallest possible area remaining which can support viable populations of Sumatra’s iconic mega-fauna. With a modest regular donation to the International Elephant Project you can help keep the FKL ranger teams doing this critical work on the ground. They rely on your support to increase their presence across the Leuser Ecosystem. Join me in helping to fight the poaching crisis now.

Changing Planet

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The mission of the International League of Conservation Photographers (iLCP) is to further environmental and cultural conservation through photography. iLCP is a Fellowship of more than 100 photographers from all around the globe. As a project based organization, iLCP coordinates Conservation Photography Expeditions to get world-renowned photographers in the field teamed with scientists, writers, videographers and conservation groups to gather visual assets that are used to create conservation communications campaigns to foment conservation successes. iLCP is a 501 (c) (3) organization. Support our work at this link.