Changing Planet

2018 – The Year for Coral Reefs

Within a few short decades, we are faced for the first time with losing an entire ecosystem on which we depend. Humanity’s pivotal challenge to save coral reefs will be a test of our will, ingenuity and ability to collaborate globally. If we succeed, we will not only save up to a million species that support up to a billion people, but we will have created the momentum and belief to save other ecosystems that are vital to the health of the planet. (No pressure!)

As a conservation NGO focused on coral-reef conservation, here at The Ocean Agency we’re certainly feeling the heat. This is not going to be an easy fight, and it’s certainly not one we can afford to lose.

A turtle swims through a reef in the Indian Ocean. Photo David P. Robinson via the Coral Reef Image Bank

Fortunately, there’s a growing excitement among the coral-reef community that’s inspiring us; the dark cloud that was the worst global coral die-off ever recorded, fortunately, had a silver lining. We lost about 50 percent of the corals on the Great Barrier Reef alone, but this unprecedented decline put reefs in the media spotlight. People were shocked by images of the destruction, and it’s lead to a level of support for action that we’ve never seen before.

Adding to public interest, oceans have finally arrived on the political agenda, with agreed goals for sustainable development that now need to be met. The combined attention from these occurrences is leading to a massive increase in funding — over 10-fold in the last five years alone.

When you look closely, there seems to be good news all over the place. We’re making breakthroughs in science, huge new protected areas are being announced, and new players are creating bold new global initiatives. No wonder there is a growing sense of optimism.

However, the news is not all good. The science tells us we’re committed to losing about 90 percent of the remaining coral reefs due to impacts of climate change, and the threats of pollution and overfishing are still on the rise. Will it be a case of too little too late?

The increase in support for reefs sounds impressive, but we must remember what these delicate ecosystems are really worth — the new level of funding still only represents less than 0.1 percent of the estimated economic value of coral reefs.

It is likely that the fight to save reefs will be won or lost in the next 10 years. It will all come down to two questions: Can we create enough climate-action momentum to meet the targets of the Paris Agreement? And, can we keep the momentum going for the funding and support for effective coral-reef conservation action?

Much will depend on whether we can keep them in the global spotlight. As reefs get a break from bleaching and storms, they face arguably an even bigger threat — media and public disinterest. It’s something we must not allow to take hold.

This is why 2018 is such a pivotally important year for coral reefs — it is the International Year of the Reef, an opportunity to keep them a focus of public attention. We need to make the most of these 12 months. To launch ideas. To keep the momentum going and to turn this year into a long-term mission. This is a global call for all to get involved.

Posters for Year of the Reef are available to download in three languages from the Coral Reef Image Bank

 

International Year of the Reef is an initiative led by the International Coral Reef Initiative, with UN Environment, supported by The Ocean AgencyThe Tiffany & Co. Foundation and Google.

Richard Vevers is the Founder and CEO of The Ocean Agency. He is the pioneer of underwater 360-degree photography, inventing the cameras that took Google Street View underwater. Working with leading scientists, he is responsible for creating the only comprehensive virtual reality record of the ocean with over a million images taken in nearly 30 countries, including the most comprehensive underwater survey of coral reefs ever conducted. Vevers’ success in visually documenting and revealing the 3rd Global Coral Bleaching Event, the longest and most devastating event to impact coral reefs ever recorded, became the subject of a Netflix Original Documentary, Chasing Coral. Drawing on over a decade of experience at top London advertising agencies, Vevers’ work is a blend of cutting-edge technology, unconventional partnerships, and savvy communications. His not-for-profit agency is certainly unconventional - it's committed to creating a new, more effective era of ocean conservation. 

About the Blog

Researchers, conservationists, and others share stories, insights and ideas about Our Changing Planet, Wildlife & Wild Spaces, and The Human Journey. More than 50,000 comments have been added to 10,000 posts. Explore the list alongside to dive deeper into some of the most popular categories of the National Geographic Society’s conversation platform Voices.

Opinions are those of the blogger and/or the blogger’s organization, and not necessarily those of the National Geographic Society. Posters of blogs and comments are required to observe National Geographic’s community rules and other terms of service.

Voices director: David Braun (dbraun@ngs.org)

Social Media