Top 25 Wild Bird Photographs of the Week: Endemic Birds

Over 200 Endemic Bird Areas have been identified across the world, many of these areas being in the tropics and subtropics. When we talk about endemic bird species, this refers to species of birds restricted to a certain region and they cannot be found anywhere else in the world.

Thank you to all the photographers that submitted photos of birds with the theme #Endemic. Birds are admired for their beauty and their ability to fly and most importantly birds are admired for the role they play in the ecosystem. These pictures create awareness about the variety and beauty of birds in our environment. Here we present the Top 25 photographs of birds of the week.

The Andaman Bulbul is endemic to Andaman Islands. It has a mainly olive-yellow plumage and has most of the head olive. Photographed in India (Bhavesh Rathod)
The Banded kingfisher is found in the lowland tropical forests of southeast Asia. It is an uncommon species yet widespread in much of its range. Photo taken at the Wildlife Bird in Thailand (Parkon Leelahanont)
The Black-and-Orange Flycatcher is an endemic species to the central and southern Western Ghats, the Nilgiris and Palni hill ranges in southern India. In the breeding season, March to May, these birds are very vocal and they have a repetitive “chee-ri-rirr” or a whistling song “whee-chee-ree-rirr”. Photographed at Coonoor, Tamil Nadu, India (Shaon Pritam Baral)
The White-bellied Blue Flycatcher is a small passerine bird found in Western Ghats of southwest India. This bird occurs in dense forest and sholas south from Mahabaleshwar. Photo taken in western Ghats, Kerala, India (E. Arun Kumar)
The Crag Chilia “La Chiricoca” is an endemic bird of Chile. Crag Chilia inhabits rocky slopes of the central Andes of Chile, between 1 200 and 2 500 meters above sea level (Jorge De La Torre Aninat)
The Golden-browed Chlorophonia photographed at the Costarican Jungle (Ramesh Aithal)
Great Indian Hornbill, also known as the Great Hornbill or Great Pied Hornbill, is found in the eastern Subcontinent and southeast Asia. Great Hornbills are usually seen in small parties, with larger groups sometimes aggregating at fruit trees. Photo taken at the Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary, West Bengal (Sandipan Ghosh)
Green Honeycreeper in Costa Rica (Carlos Bolanos)
The Green Mango is a large hummingbird endemic to the main island of Puerto Rico. It is usually found in the mountainous regions of the Island, often in coffee and other kind of plantations. Photographed in Puerto Rico (Raymond De Jesus Asencio)
The Indian pitta breeds in the forests of the Hmalayas, hills of central and western India and would migrate to other parts of the peninsular in winter. Photo taken at Nagpur, Maharashtra, India (Vikram Bahal)
The Indian Spurfowl is found in rocky hill and scrub forests, mainly in peninsular India. Males of this species are more brightly coloured and spotted boldly in white. Photographed at Ranthambhore National Park, India (Feroze Hossain)
Malabar Grey Hornbill Photographed at Thattekkad, Kerala. It is an endemic bird to the Western Ghats and associated hills of southern India (Pavan ML)
The Malayan Laughingthrush was for some time included as a subspecies of the Trichalopteron erythrocephalum. This laughingthrush is found in the extreme southern Thailand and peninsular Malaysia. Photo taken in Pahang, Malaysia (Richard Chong)
Other names for the Nilgiri Blue Robin include the Nilgiri Shortwing, White-bellied Shortwing, Nilgiri Sholankili or Rufous-bellied Shortwing. It is an endemoic species to the Shola forests of the higher hills of southern India, mainly north of the Palghat Gap (Titus John)
Nilgiri Blue Robin at Munnar, Kerala, India (Dr SS Suresh)
The Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher is a widespread resident of lowland forests. It is endemic across much of the Indian subcontinent and southeast Asia (Partha Das)
Puerto Rican Emerald photographed in Puerto Rico (Ramond De Jesus Asencio)
Puerto Rican Tody is a bird native to the island of Puerto Rico. Despite its scientific name, the Puerto Rican Tody is endemic to the island and is locally known as “San Pedriito” (“Little Saint Peter”). Photographed in Puerto Rico (Raymond De Jesus Asencio)
The Red and Yellow Barbet is an African barbet found in eastern Africa. Males have a distinctive black, red, and yellow plumage. Females and juveniles of this species look similar. Photographed at Tarangire National Park, Tanzania (Vivek Joshi)
The Red-naped Ibis is also known as the Indian Black Ibis or Black Ibis, is a species of ibis found in the plains of the Indian Subcontinent. Photographed at Tal Chapar Bird Sanctuary, Rajasthan, India (Dr.Divya Srivastava)
Rufous-Backed Kingfisher in Congkat, Hulu Langat, Malaysia (Ted Ng)
The Tomtit is a grouped together with the Australian robins. It is endemic to the islands of New Zealand, ranging across the main islands as well as several of the outlying islands. A number of subspecies are recognized, with considerable variation in plumage and size. Photographed at Mount Aspiring National Park, New Zealand (Wilson Chua)
The world’s largest pigeon, Victoria Crowned Pigeon. It is part of a genus of four unique, very large, ground-dwelling pigeons native to the New Guinea region. Photo taken in Jurong, Singapore (Raghuvamsh Chavali)
The White-bellied Blue Robin or White-bellied Sholakili is a bird endemic to the Shola forests of southern India. The natural habitat of the white-bellied blue robin is forest patches in the valleys of high-altitude grasslands known as sholas. The species has been found to occur only above 1200 m altitude in the higher hill ranges of southern India. These forest patches are highly restricted in size and the species is thus threatened by habitat loss (Renuka Vijayaraghavan)
 White bellied treepie photographed at Thattekad, Kerala, India (Poonam S Nayaka)

Our mission is to build a global community around the freedom and beauty of birds in the wild as ambassadors for the natural ecosystems that they depend upon. They are the music, decoration, and character of every terrestrial habitat on the planet and have been around since the dinosaurs. They are the witnesses and ambassadors of the awesome power of nature. The wide availability of good, cheap optics has opened their world to us for the last few decades. Amazing, affordable DSLR cameras with long lenses are delivering brilliant digital bird imagery to online communities.

We are in a day-and-age during which more bird species are threatened with extinction than ever before. The Wild Birds! Revolution aims to publish the “Top 25 Wild Bird Photographs of the Week” to 1 million people every week by the end of the year. That is a revolution that will change the world! Join thousands of other weekend naturalists, photographers, birders, experts, hikers, nature-lovers, guides, scientists, conservationists and artists that share the thousands of wild bird photographs submitted to the Wild Bird Trust website and Facebook page. Thousands of wild bird enthusiasts are going out every day to photograph our planet’s beautiful birdlife. Pick up your camera, fill your bird feeder, open your heart, and join the Wild Birds! Revolution!!

Edited by Abigail Ramudzuli, Campaign Manager

Top 25 Wild Bird Photographs of the Week: September

Wildlife

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Meet the Author
Steve Boyes has dedicated his life to conserving Africa's wilderness areas and the species that depend upon them. After having worked as a camp manager and wilderness guide in the Okavango Delta and doing his PhD field work on the little-known Meyer's Parrot, Steve took up a position as a Centre of Excellence Postdoctoral Fellow at the Percy FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology. He has since been appointed the Scientific Director of the Wild Bird Trust and is a 2014 TED Fellow. His work takes him all over Africa, but his day-to-day activities are committed to South Africa's endemic and Critically Endangered Cape Parrot (Poicephalus robustus). Based in Hogsback Village in the Eastern Cape (South Africa), Steve runs the Cape Parrot Project, which aims to stimulate positive change for the species through high-quality research and community-based conservation action. When not in Hogsback, Steve can be found in the Okavango Delta where he explores remote areas of this wetland wilderness on "mokoros" or dug-out canoes to study endangered bird species in areas that are otherwise inaccessible. Steve is a 2013 National Geographic Emerging Explorer for his work in the Okavango Delta and on the Cape Parrot Project.